According to the statistics provided by Media Salles the number of screens equipped with DLP Cinema or SXRD technology at the end of 2009 was 4 693 a 206.9 percent increase over the previous year spurred by the demand for 3D. The European Audiovisual Observatory estimates that gross box office for the European Union increased by 12 percent year-on-year to a new record high of EUR 6.27 billion in 2009 largely thanks to premium prices for 3D screenings. Currently most digital theatres are to be found in Western Europe: as many as 3 904 screens with a 198.2 percent increase compared to December 2008. The five leading markets in Europe in terms of admissions are also those with the highest number of digital screens: the top market France accounts for 19.3 percent of the digital total the United Kingdom 14.2 percent and Germany 12.6 percent followed by Italy with 9.1 percent and Spain with 5.1 percent. The remaining 789 digital screens are situated in Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean Rim where there has been a considerable shift compared to December 2008 and a higher rate of growth than in Western Europe (+258.6 percent): the countries where the greatest development has taken place are Russia with 352 digital screens (7.5 percent of Europe’s total) Poland with 176 screens (3.8 percent) and Turkey with 62 screens (1.3 percent). Compared to the total number of screens in Europe at December 2009 digital screens had achieved a market penetration of 13 percent as against 4.1 percent the previous year (table 1). The number of digital sites in Europe at December 2009 was 2 374 with a 191.3 percent rise over the previous year. The total market penetration of digital sites amounts to around 16 percent as against 5.4 percent in December 2008. Also on the increase is the average number of screens in digital sites which has risen in Europe from the 1.6 screens per site registered in December 2007 to 2.0 in December 2009. The average number of digital screens per cinema varies a good deal in individual European countries. In December 2009 the highest figures were recorded in Belgium (5.3 screens per cinema) Luxembourg (4.4) Austria (4.2) France (3.5) and Portugal (3.4). The leading markets follow at some distance: United Kingdom (1.9 screens per cinema) Germany (1.8) Italy (1.5) and Spain (1.3). Analysing the development of digital screens from a more long-term perspective different growth trends are to be seen in European countries. Countries like the United Kingdom and Germany have recorded a strong tendency towards growth ever since 2006 and after a period of deceleration started to grow again in 2009. Other countries have experienced more gradual development followed by an exceptionally sharp increase over the last few years: since 2008 in the case of France or 2009 in the case of Belgium Italy Austria and Spain. Yet other countries such as Finland and Portugal have concentrated their development in the recent period with an annual yearly increase that has been particularly high over the past three years amounting to 263.4 percent for Finland and 230.8 percent for Portugal. In Europe the development of digital screens seems to be highly concentrated in terms of exhibition companies in view of the fact that at June 2009 5 percent of exhibitors were responsible for 33.6 percent of the overall number of digital screens. The top five players are the French company CGR (with 13.1 percent of digital screens) Kinepolis (6.8 percent) operating in Belgium France and Spain; Cineworld Group (5.6 percent) present in the United Kingdom and Ireland; Odeon and UCI Cinemas Group (4.8 percent) operating as Odeon Cinemas in the United Kingdom as UCI in Austria Germany Italy and Portugal and as Cinesa in Spain; Cineplexx (3.4 percent) present in Austria and in Italy. The motor for the growth that took place in 2009 is certainly 3D cinema: as the North American industry has substantially respected the calendar of releases announced and audiences have proven receptive and willing to pay a premium price to take advantage of the novelty exhibitors have invested in the technology that enables them to offer this new type of product. The penetration of screens equipped with 3D technology with respect to the overall number of digital screens has continued to increase: it was 54.4 percent in June 2009 and reached as high as 68.8 percent in December. In several countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean Rim such as Cyprus Croatia Lithuania Latvia Malta Serbia Slovenia and Slovakia where the numbers of digital cinemas are still modest 3D screens represent almost 100 percent of total digital screens. In fact the percentage penetration of 3D digital screens compared to the total number of digital screens is over 80 percent in many countries such as Russia Turkey the Czech Republic Denmark Italy Hungary Finland the Netherlands Switzerland Spain and Poland. The percentage is however lower in the United Kingdom where it amounts to 70.8 percent in Germany (62.3 percent) and in France (52.8 percent).